学科源于 1958 年上海科大物理系，汤定元院士、鲍家善先生先后主持工作。1984年获国内首批无线电物理博士点，2006年获凝聚态物理博士点。在理学院时任院长沈学础院士带领下，持续获“211工程”重点学科、上海市高原学科、国家及地方高水平大学建设等重点支持。2011年获物理学一级博士点，2012年建成博士后流动站。2016年第四轮学科评估中并列26位。
Introduction to the Discipline
The Physical Discipline at Shanghai University (PD-SHU) dates back to 1958, when academician Tang Dingyuan presided over the discipline at then the Department of Physics, Shanghai University of Science and Technology. In 1984, it was granted by the Ministry of Education of China the earliest doctoral degree program in Radio Physics. The research fields were extended in 2006 to the entire branch of Condensed Matter Physics. Under academician Shen Xuechu, then Dean of the School of Sciences, PD-SHU had experienced a rapid phase of development, benefited immensely from the Shanghai Initiative of Key Disciplines, strongly supported by Shanghai Manucipal Goverment. In 2011, Shanghai University was eventually awarded the first-class PhD discipline in Physics, followed by a postdoctoral station sanctioned by the Education Ministry in 2012. PD-SHU has been consistently in the top 1% of ESI's global ranking over the last 10 years, and was ranked the 17th in Mainland China by 2019-2020 QS, and the 26th in the fourth round Nationwide Evaluation of Scientific Disciplines.
At present, PD-SHU has a prominent teaching and research staff led by foreign academicians, national-leading and overseas high-level talents. There are currently 92 full-time faculty members (6 foreign nationals), including 36 professors and 38 associate professors.
PD-SHU focuses on three main stream research fields and has been granted more than 110 major and key projects from the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the National Key Research and Development Plans, the Strategic Pilot Projects of Chinese Academy of Sciences, the International Cooperation Projects of the Ministry of Science and Technology, and the Key Projects of Shanghai Government Municipal.
One of the three fields is complex systems and theoretical physics. The main directions at PD-SHU are on topological network mechanisms, holographic gravity as well as hadron physics. Major achievements were published in Nature and its sub-journals, PRL, PNAS, JHEP, PRD, etc. The second broad field is superconductivity and condensed matter physics in general. This includes practical high-temperature superconductivity, low-dimensional and topological material calculation, perovskite oxide and Heusler alloy magnetism, single-walled carbon nanotubes. Some technology breakthroughs were honored with top prizes by the National Technological Invention Awards and the Shanghai Technological Invention Awards. The third field covers optoelectronics and quantum information. The subjects of interest range from quantum adiabatic shortcuts, cold atom BEC, light-matter interaction, terahertz spintronics, to grating and photon sieve theory. Noticeable progresses are well-received by Chinese corporate giants such as Huawei and Tencent, and Shenlan.
In particular, the Theoretical Physics Group (TPG) at PD-SHU is one of the largest of its kind in China, hosting some 13 academic staff and 30 graduate students. The researches at TPG are further split into six areas: High Energy Physics, Nuclear Physics, Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics, Quantum Information, General Relativity and Cosmology. All of them enjoy good collaborations with domestic and overseas research centers in the fields, engaging in numerous interdisciplinary projects and programs.
PD-SHU cultivates outstanding and innovative talents with solid physics foundation and experimental skills, good scientific literacy and international vision, who can meet the challenges of the future in an all-round development. The discipline consists of 3 broad specialties for the Bachelor's degree and 3 research areas for graduate candidates, with an enrolment of 800 under- and postgraduate students.
PD-SHU has maintained close academic exchanges and cooperation with MIT in the United States, University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom, KIT in Germany, Rice University in the United States, National University of Singapore, Basque University in Spain, and Tohoku University in Japan, etc. Nobel laureates Professor A. Leggett and Professor M. Kosterlitz gave lectures, seminars in PD-SHU, as well conducted joint researches with co-authored publications.
In recent years, the discipline hosted the 5th IEEE International Conference on Applied Superconducting and Electromagnetic Devices, the International Symposium on Magnetoelectric Multiferroic and Perovskite Materials, the Topological Quantum Physical Chemistry and Quantitative Life Academic Symposium, and the 14th Singapore-China Physics frontier symposium, as well as a series of international conferences such as the Frontiers of Science Seminar and the International Seminar on First-Principles Computational Materials.
Enlisted below are some outstanding academic works that were recently achieved by the faculty and students at PD-SHU.
Prof. Ping Ao, who leads the Shanghai Center for Quantitative Life Sciences, has been active in interdisciplinary pioneer researches across Mathematics, Physics, Biology and Medicine. He is joined by Prof. Yong-Cong Chen and Dr. Xiaomei Zhu and is in collaboration with Nobel laureates Prof. A. Leggett and Prof. J. Kosterlitz in the United states. The group recently proposed a new quantum mechanism for photosynthesis and a construction of global potential for nonlinear partial differential equations with novel topological properties. Their researches appear in PRL and PNAS.
Prof. Ailin Zhang and his collaborators have concentrated in recent years on the hadron spectroscopy with heavy quarks (published 15 Phys. Rev. D papers). They gave the mass spectrum and hadronic decay widths of ΛQ , ΞQ and other heavy baryons. Some predictions have become the main theoretical references to many related experiments of LHCb and Belle collaborations.
Prof. Wei Ren who co-founded with Prof. Jeffrey Reimers the Shanghai University International Center for Quantum and Molecular Structures, has made enormous contributions in the fields of computational condensed matter physics, materials science, and quantum electronics. He has over 200 articles on prestigious journals, including 12 PRL, 40 Phys. Rev. B, 1 Science, 1 Nat. Phys. 2 Nat. Comm., 2 in Adv. Mat., with over 5000 citations.
Prof. Chuanbing Cai, head of Shanghai Key Laboratory of High Temperature Superconductors (HTS), developed a new technology for epitaxial growth of HTS thin films on multi-layer structures. The technology enables effective control of atomic level grain nucleation and greatly enhances the quality and industrial output of HTS tape production. The kilometer-scale HTS tapes possess current carrying capacity of over 500 A/cm-w at 77 K, which were deployed in the world-first 1.2 km HTS power cable demonstration project in the Shanghai municipality.
Prof. Shixun Cao, in collaboration with Dr. Xinwei Li, Prof. Junichiro Kono et al. at Rice University, observed analogous cooperative effects in a coupled magnetic system. The results demonstrate the use of quantum optics in the control of exotic phases in condensed matter systems. Their publication appears in Science, 361,794-797 (2018). The simple system provides a platform for exploring light-matter interactions and the emergence of more complex phenomena such as superradiance.
Prof. Yongping Zhang leads a group with research fields on ultracold atomic physics and quantum control. Their studying on spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensation attracts lot of attention, especially along this direction, they have a tight collaboration with Bose-Einstein condensation experimental group lead by Prof. Peter Engels at Washington State University. There are five coauthored publications with the experiment group published in PRL and Nat. Comm.
Prof. Xi Chen and collaborators introduced the shortcuts to adiabaticity (STA). STA replaces certain slow adiabatic protocols in quantum physics and has a wide range of applications. Together they have published 5 PRL, 1 Nat. Comm., and more than 20 Phys. Rev. A papers on the robust control of atomic cooling, transport, and population transfer. STA has been implemented by experimental groups at NIST, Vienna, Nice, Pisa, Tsinghua, and SUSTech, with major results cited by e.g. D. J. Wineland, M. Berry, C. Jarzynski, and R. Onofrio. Talented MS-degree student Yongcheng Ding incorporates a machine learning approach into quantum processing for the efficient retrieval of quantum information.
Prof. Guohong Ma conducts cutting-edge research on the dynamical interaction between intense ultrafast laser pulse and quantum materials. His team has developed THz nonlinear optics and THz nonlinear spectroscopy. The system displays novel quantum phase transition, dynamics of THz spin waves, as well as THz magnon-polariton formation and relaxation. Ultrashort laser pulse writing on three-dimension micro/nano-structures, such as femtosecond pulse-induced 3D nanograting, demonstrates unique advantages in high-density optical storage and integrated polarization elements.
Prof. Yongyong Gong developed a new technology of electromagnetic field solidification in metallurgical production. He won a place in the second prizes of National Science and Technology Invention Awards, and together with his graduate student Xu zhishuai the first prize of Shanghai Science and Technology Invention Awards.
Prof. Xihua Yang published 13 Phys. Rev. A articles in quantum coherence and interference, quantum coherent control, and quantum information processing. These researches are based on his ingenious scheme to generate and manipulate non-degenerate, narrow-band entangled fields with long correlation time via atomic spin coherence.